History (Alternate) of the United States
The Liberty Brigade
The Liberty Legion
Superheroics had been very quiet in the post-World War II era. Only a handful of the Supers maintained a public profile in light of anti-Augment laws, and even those dwindled in the era of McCarthy-ism and into the early 60s.
The Christmas Invasion
Only a month after the assassination of President Kennedy, the United States was attacked by the Araki, a race of aliens bent on the subjugation of any who would seek to venture into space, and thus be a rival to their interstellar empire. Having seen the success of the Mercury space program, they decided to launch an attack on Earth, beginning with conquest of the premier space facility at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 14 in Florida, and the Baikonur LC-1 facility in Kazakh SSR, USSR.
Neither the Soviet nor the United States military fared well against the superior technological might of the Araki. Both space launch facilities were quickly seized and prepared by the aliens for a full-scale incursion into both countries. President Johnson and the United States government relocated from Washington DC to a remote mountain cavern complex hidden somewhere in the Rocky Mountains.
Meanwhile, the long-dormant American superhero team, the Liberty Brigade, awakened from its self-imposed exile to come to the aid of the republic once more. Without Professor Atom, who had passed away from radiation sickness shortly after the War, and Mighty Man, suffering from advanced acromegaly in a Nevada old folks home, leadership of the team descended to Silver Agent, who commanded the team like a military unit.
The first assault on the launch complex fell to abject failure, with both Silver Agent and most of the Liberty Legion missing. That left the remaining few experienced Legionnaires to the leadership of the junior member of the team, Lady Liberty. Liberty gathered the remaining Legionnaires and as many liberty-loving Augments and Gimmicks from Riceville's locals to supplement the team as she could gather.
Meanwhile, President Johnson and Premier Khrushchev conferred over the red phone to determine that each country would drop a single nuclear bomb on their respective launch complexes in order to eradicate the Araki menace, without either country resorting to a mass nuclear launch against the other. Each nation was to drop their warhead at a pre-selected time, with witnesses from the other nation on hand in order to verify the destruction of the other's launch complexes. In this way, casualties would be controlled and peace assured.
While the nations' leaders crafted one plan, Liberty and her Legionnaires approached the military with another. While the Air Force conducted an assault upon the Araki compound as a distraction, multiple groups of Legionnaires would attempt to infiltrate the launch complex in an effort to penetrate the Araki defenses and sow chaos from within, using different sets of powers to test what worked and what didn't. Major John Glenn would command the attack squadron, while Lady Liberty led the Legionnaires and their stealthy infiltration.
Presidential Election of 1964
With President Johnson unsure that he could win the presidency in his own right after the 1963 Christmas Invasion, a search went out for someone to run on the Democratic ticket in 1964. The primaries came down to three men: Senator Hubert H. Humphrey, United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, and Major John H. Glenn. The primary was a struggle, with Humphrey, backed by LBJ, taking several early contests. Kennedy, on the strength of his enormous personal charisma and his brother's legacy, charged back late in the primaries, while Major Glenn took several midwest states plus Florida. After Kennedy's win in California to deny the delegate majority to Humphrey, the three candidates went to a brokered convention.
At the convention, Humphrey had a commanding lead, and the sitting president speaking on his behalf (plus the President's staff working the phones). Kennedy had a good chunk of the state delegates working for him, plus his family's considerable connections. That left Glenn, with a few hundred delegates and no prior political expertise. News reporters broke it down to whether Humphrey or Kennedy could convince Glenn to swing to their camp, and what he might be offered to throw his support. Glenn, a marine, was disgusted by the ensuing bare-knuckle political brawl, and refused to give his support to either candidate. The first ballot, early Wednesday, split as expected between the three candidates, with each man, plus the President, set to speak on Wednesday night.
Humphrey positioned himself as more of the LBJ presidency; Kennedy invoked his family's name, and suggested a return to past glory during his brother's administration. Johnson, more embittered than ever, dropped a four-letter word on live national television during his speech. Glenn came through as the stalwart Korean War hero, test pilot, and the first American astronaut to orbit the earth, receiving a thunderous standing ovation from the delegates in the hall. The second ballot suddenly swung in Glenn's favor, and on Thursday afternoon, he accepted Kennedy's offer to become his vice-presidential candidate. Early Thursday evening, the Glenn-Kennedy ticket was introduced to the nation as the Democratic presidential ticket.
With Republican candidate Goldwater hugely unpopular within his own party, and Glenn a neophyte to the political scene trying to pull the Democratic version of Eisenhower's victory in 1952, no one knew exactly what to expect from the national election in 1964. But Glenn's fame as a war hero and astronaut, combined with the Kennedy political machine (and Richard J. Daley repeating his Chicago miracles), rocketed him to the Presidency.
President Glenn and Supers Civil Rights
Johnson had refused to deal with the issues of civil rights for the growing population of Augments and Gimmicks in the aftermath of the Christmas Invasion, leaving the issue to the new administration.